Easter Festivities at the Farmhouse

Easter Festivities at Farmhouse38.com

I wanted to share some images from our annual Easter brunch. For the first time in several years, we didn’t get rained out; the weather was beautiful. In fact, it was so beautiful that it was a tad on the warm side for us to all sit outside on the deck around the Easter tablescape that I had painstakingly put together. Nope, we all stayed inside, basking in the glory of the air conditioner and peering out the window at the table. Eh. At least it made for a nice view.

Brunch Tablescape from Farmhouse38.com

The lovely view through the kitchen french doors.

I was going for a very neutral, rustic theme for my Easter decorations this year, as I had an abundance of lovely brown eggs from my girls, and just couldn’t bring myself to color them.

Easter Decor from Farmhouse38.com

I may have bought (gasp!) some white eggs to throw into the mix. Phoebe is just checking to make sure they’re all right.

So then I used them to make this:

Primitive Egg Wreath from Farmhouse38.com

 

As well as these:

Easter Brunch Tablescape from Farmhouse38.com

Thank you to 1840farm for these beautiful, handmade Colonial Farmhouse Collection baskets. They made adorable place settings, as well as favors! Check out their Etsy Shop!

I just love the look of lots of eggs sitting around in bowls. Obviously.

Easter Brunch Tablescape from Farmhouse38.com

And lots of spring flowers never hurt anyone either. Unless you have terrible allergies.

Brunch Tablescape from Farmhouse38.com

Spring Brunch Tablescape from Farmhouse38.com

 

And for the kids, of course, an egg hunt. But we went with plastic eggs for that.

Easter Festivities at Farmhouse38.com

Easter Festivities at Farmhouse38.com

Easter Festivities at Farmhouse38.com

Somebody found the golden egg.

Easter Festivities at Farmhouse38.com

Oh, wait. Somebody else found a golden egg. (Soooooo sparkly!)

Easter Festivities from Farmhouse38.com

Golden eggs for everyone!!!

And, of course, it only added to the Easter fun that there were baby chicks to be cuddled:

Easter Festivities at Farmhouse38.com

Easter Festivities at Farmhouse38.com

Annabel, Salt, and Beatrix hope you all had a very happy Easter.

 

 

 

Happy Easter, Peeps!

Happy Easter from Farmhouse38.com

From everyone (including our three new peeps), at Farmhouse38!

Primitive Egg Wreath

Easy Primitive Egg Wreath from Farmhouse38.com

 

I always have to have an ‘Easter’ wreath. But this year, since I completely lagged on getting one made, I decided I wanted to make one that I could leave up long after the holiday had come and gone. Additionally, I wanted to make one using the neutral color scheme that I went with for this Easter’s celebration (I just really love the colors of naked eggs!). And of course, I wanted to make it using the plethora of eggs that I have just sitting around, courtesy of the Farmhouse poultry.

Easy Primitive Egg Wreath from Farmhouse38.com

That’s a bowl full of 50 blown eggs. Yup. That was a very light-headed day.

I started with a wire hanger. Leaving the top of the hanger twisted like it comes, shape the thing into a nice circle. Once it is shaped, then use pliers to ‘untwist’ the top, shape it a bit, and make a small loop at the top.

Easy Primitive Egg Wreath from Farmhouse38.com

 

You’ll need about 15 or so blown, dry eggs. The blow-out process is pretty easy (unless you are doing 50 at a time, which I do not recommend! Lol). I used a Dremel tool with a tiny drill attachment to poke a hole in each end of the egg shell, then I inserted a toothpick and sort of scrambled it around to break up the interior membranes. I used a small cocktail straw to actually blow the guts out, and once it was empty, I filled the egg with water, shook it around, and blew it out again. I then set the egg on end on a paper towel to drain. You can cook the eggshells in an oven to make sure they are good and dry (in the microwave for 15-30 seconds, or the oven for 10 minutes at 350 degrees F), but I just left mine to air dry for a few days before using them (ie, I lagged on getting this project done).

Select your specimens, and, one by one, string them over the loose end of the wire form until you have about one egg’s length left of the wire. Now for the tricky part. Place the egg wreath on a padded surface (to cushion the eggs), and, using pliers, carefully bend the loose end into a small hook that can be hooked around the opposite end of the wreath form. It’s not easy. That wire is not super pliable. Don’t jostle the eggs while you do this–it’s a huge bummer to break even one egg because you’ll have to slide them all off and start all over. Fortunately, it was easy enough that I didn’t break any in my attempt.

Easy Primitive Egg Wreath from Farmhouse38.com

Oh, so careful!

Now that your wreath is all formed, decide which side you want to be the front, and which the back. Flip it so that the back side is up, and then go along and anchor the eggs to each other with a drop of hot glue.

Easy Primitive Egg Wreath from Farmhouse38.com

This will keep the eggs from moving around, and the less they move, the less likely they are to break.

Next: place a blob of hot glue on the highest area of the back of each egg.

Easy Primitive Egg Wreath from Farmhouse38.com

This serves as a bit of a ‘bumper’ for the egg to help protect it when you hang it.

Once that is all dry, flip it back over. Here, I decided I wanted to draw a cute little heart on the random white egg with a paint pen. I also tied a bow out of raffia, and then hot glued that to the top of the wreath.

Easy Primitive Egg Wreath from Farmhouse38.com

And there you have it! I was a little worried about the eggs banging against the door when it opened and closed, but the hot glue bumpers seem to keep that from happening brilliantly! Huzzah! (But…ya know…don’t go slamming the door if you can help it).

And, of course, one could absolutely make this wreath with brightly dyed Easter eggs–how cute would that be?!

Easy No-Sew Rice Heating Pad

No Sew Rice Heating Pad from Farmhouse38.com

I found myself in a situation the other day where I needed to make a rice heating pad, and I needed it quick. And I needed to not have to sew it together because…well…I don’t sew. SO, I did a quick search of the interwebs and came across several accounts of people using tube socks for just this purpose; ya take a sock, fill it with rice, and tie up the loose end. Awesome. Great idea…only…I needed it to be bigger than a skinny little tube sock.

So. I scrounged around a bit and came up with an old, long-sleeved t-shirt of the Texan’s.

DIY No-Sew Rice Heating Pad from Farmhouse38.com

I hadn’t seen him wear this for a looooong time, and it’s got some stains and holes in it, so I decided to sacrifice it for the greater good. But apparently, it was his most cherished long-sleeve t-shirt. Oops. My bad.

Then I just cut off a sleeve (actually, I cut off both sleeves to make two of these).

Easy DIY No-Sew Rice Heating Pad from Farmhouse38.com

You can see I also cut the finished edge of the sleeve off so that both ends of the heating pad match (ie; rough and unfinished).

Then, using a bit of baker’s twine, I tied off one end. Tightly.

Easy DIY No-Sew Rice Heating Pad from Farmhouse38.com

Double-knotted for good measure.

I then filled the sleeve with about 2 lbs of white rice (not the instant variety, apparently that’s not good for this. Just good ol’white rice). Fill it with as much or as little as you want–I wanted this to be nice and malleable, not stuffed to the seams. Once the rice was in, I tied off the other end with baker’s twine.

Easy DIY No-Sew Rice Heating Pad from Farmhouse38.com

Et voilà!

To heat this, place the heating pad next to a single cup of water (water in microwave-safe cup or bowl) in the microwave for about 1.5-2 minutes (the water helps keep the rice from burning). Depending on how much rice you put in, you may need to heat for a little longer, but be careful not to let the water in the cup boil or the rice burn–so heat in small increments to be safe. This heating pad was perfect at about 1:45 minutes.

It worked wonderfully, and was a nice, safe, gentle heat for a tender little tummy:

Easy DIY No-Sew Rice Heating Pad from Farmhouse38.com

Getting spayed is no fun. It is no fun at all.

Hello Spring! Giveaway

Hello Spring! Giveaway from Farmhouse38.com

 

Okay, folks! Here it is! Spring is in the air so it is time to get your garden on–who’s with me???

We’ve got such amazing products in this fun gardening gift basket that will go to one lucky winner. Enter here or by clicking on the link at the bottom of this post.

But let’s run through all the goodies first, shall we?

Hello Spring! Giveaway from Farmhouse38.com

WOOT!! A 6 Month Seeds of the Month Club membership! If you all haven’t joined this amazing program, you simply must check it out. Every month, they send you four packets of non-GMO seeds (mostly veggies and herbs) selected specifically for your growing zone and season. You never know what you are going to get, but that’s part of the fun! You can find out more by following them on Facebook, and Twitter.

Hello Spring! Giveaway from Farmhouse38.com

A sampler pack of my favorite fertilizer: Authentic Haven Brand Manure Tea. This stuff is good, you guys. I’ve been using it for a couple of seasons now, and I am a huge fan. ‘MooPoo Tea’ is 100% organic and sustainable, and the plants really dig it. Furthermore, it is produced here in sunny Southern California on the Haven Family Ranch: follow along with them on Facebook, Twitter, Pinterest, and see some amazing snapshots of ranch life on Instagram.

Hello Spring! Giveaway from Farmhouse38.com

A copy of one of my favorite small-space gardening books, Vertical Vegetable Gardening, by the incomparable Chris McLaughlin. Chris is the author of several gardening how-to books, the homesteading guru for About.com, and queen of all things Home-Ag. For more about her, visit her website, Home-Ag.com, and you can also follow along with her on her suburban farming adventures on Facebook, Twitter, and Pinterest.

Hello Spring! Giveaway from Farmhouse38.com

A hand-painted 12″x12″ reclaimed steel message board, made by yours truly (multiple versions coming soon to a certain Etsy storefront!).

Hello Spring! Giveaway from Farmhouse38.com

Well, you need some garden-themed magnets for that message board, don’t you?

Hello Spring! Giveaway from Farmhouse38.com

A package of seed storage envelopes from Williams-Sonoma’s Agrarian Collection, in case you have any leftover Seeds of the Month Club seeds.

Hello Spring! Giveaway from Farmhouse38.com

My favorite little garden gnomey and gloves from Threshold Target. Every garden needs a gnome to watch over it, in my professional opinion.

Hello Spring! Giveaway from Farmhouse38.com

A set of gorgeous copper garden tools (a hand fork and trowel), and a brass-tipped tamper-dibber all from Williams-Sonoma’s Agrarian collection.

Hello Spring! Giveaway from Farmhouse38.com

And last, but not least, this gorgeous gathering basket to put it all in (also from Williams-Sonoma).

Contest begins today, Friday, April 4th, 2014, and ends at midnight, Wednesday, April 9th, 2014. The only mandatory entry requirement will be for you guys to leave a comment on this blog post (but please do so by using the Rafflecopter link below and following those instructions), but I will give you lots of non-mandatory extra entries by going around and following all our contributors’ social medias. The more you follow, the more entries you’ll earn.

So who’s ready to win this thing?!

Enter here!!!!

A Monarch Chrysalis

A Monarch Chrysalis at Farmhouse38For everyone interested in seeing the photo progression of the monarch chrysalis…this post is for you!

Of course, a few weeks back, my milkweed plants were teaming with monarch larvae:

A Monarch Chrysalis at Farmhouse38.com

Eventually, they got big and fat:

A Monarch Chrysalis at Farmhouse38.com

 

And then they proceeded to trek away from the milkweed to find a place to pupate (build their chrysalis). We found them cruising in the very far reaches of our yard. Incredible.

But I was especially astounded when I went to give my Lady Scarecrow a spring makeover (her clothes are so Spring 2013), and as I was stripping her down, I found this!:

Monarch Butterflies at Farmhouse38.com

It was attached right to her wrist, like a little charm. Of course, I carefully readjusted her clothes and left everything just as it was.

So thrilling!

I proceeded to check on it everyday. For about a week, it looked just the same, and then suddenly, one day, it looked like this:

A Monarch Chrysalis at Farmhouse38.com

 

I knew it must be close, so I started checking on it about once an hour, like a maniac. When it didn’t hatch that day, I knew that probably as soon as it was warm the next morning, the game was on.

The next morning, it looked very similar, but those pretty golden accents had all but disappeared, and the shell of the chrysalis was so very transparent, it was crazy!

A Monarch Chrysalis at Farmhouse38.com

Once it began to warm outside, we began to check on it at five minute intervals.

And lo and behold, we missed it emerging! :-(

A Monarch Chrysalis at Farmhouse38.com

Within a five minute span, it had hatched, and pumped its crumpled wings full of fluid.

I was so upset that I missed it, that I swore I was going to sit there and watch it until it took its first flight. So I sat and watched.

A Monarch Chrysalis at Farmhouse38.com

Slowly it flexed its wings and legs, and made its way up from the chrysalis and into the sun.

A Monarch Chrysalis at Farmhouse38.com

I waited.

A Monarch Chrysalis at Farmhouse38.com

And I waited.

A Monarch Chrysalis from Farmhouse38.com

And the white dog waited.

Until finally…it really began to stretch its wings in the sunshine.

A Monarch Chrysalis at Farmhouse38.com

At this point, I was finally able to tell that this was a male (by the two black spots in the center of each lower wing).

They say that it takes about an hour before a monarch is ready to take flight, but the white dog and I waited two and a half hours for this little guy.

A Monarch Chrysalis at Farmhouse38.com

I could see him start to vibrate and really pump his wings, and I knew it was the moment.

And then–just like that–he was off!

A Monarch Chrysalis at Farmhouse38.com

A bit out of focus, but there he went–tumbling clumsily around.

And then we were super tired so we had to rest on a nearby rose bush:

A Monarch Chrysalis at Farmhouse38.com

First flights are exhausting.

After a bit of a rest, he flitted to a few different resting spots in the yard, and then he was off, tumbling and flying with the other monarchs that had been playing in the garden that day.

Magic. Complete and utter magic.

A Monarch Chrysalis at Farmhouse38.com

The white dog just really wasn’t all that impressed.

 

Of Monarchs and Milkweeds

Monarch Butterfly Gardening at Farmhouse38.comI attended college at UC Santa Barbara, and my very first apartment was just outside of campus in Goleta, CA. My neighborhood there butted up against a chunk of undeveloped land peppered with trails that led all through and eventually down to the beaches there. I felt very fortunate to live so close to such a place and spent a lot of time exploring and running on those trails, always taking different directions and footpaths to see where they would take me. One afternoon, I was doing just this, running a trail, and all of a sudden, I stumbled into a eucalyptus grove that was alive with monarch butterflies. Stunned and all alone, it was just I and the butterflies, the flipping of their wings dripping from every leaf, every branch, and ‘puddling’ in various spots on the grove floor. It was magic, and I have never ever forgotten it.

Monarch Butterflies at the Goleta Monarch Grove via Farmhouse38

This is how I remember all the trees looking when I happened into the grove back then. Image borrowed with permission from the City of Goleta’s Butterfly Grove website.

What I didn’t know then was that I had probably stumbled into what is now the Goleta Butterfly Grove; at the time, I was totally unaware of its existence (it wasn’t designated as such until 2005, several years after I would have been there). But that beautiful, spiritual, quiet moment has haunted me ever since, and is a large part of what bothers me so much about the current decline of these incredible creatures.

First things first; a bit of information on the monarch…

The monarch butterflies comprise two separate but similar migratory patterns in the US: one west of the Rocky Mountains, and one east. The smaller western migration consists of generations of butterflies that overwinter in coastal California (anywhere from just north of San Francisco to as far south as Mexico). In the spring, the migration moves up through the Central Valley and Sierra Nevadas of California, up into Oregon, Washington, and even sometimes as far north as British Columbia. In the fall, a special generation of monarchs are born; ones that live up to 8 months. These special butterflies make the long move back down to their sites in California where they stay until spring. These are the butterflies that I have grown up with in Los Angeles, that filled my childhood backyard, that I witnessed in the eucalyptus grove in Santa Barbara, and are the very butterflies that now visit the Farmhouse garden. These monarchs and I go way back.

The eastern monarch migration is the stuff of legends, with its individuals traveling possibly as many as 3,000 miles in a season! The special migratory generation of butterflies begin in the US and Canada when milkweed and nectar sources begin to die back in the fall, and will then fly all the way to overwinter in Mexico. In the spring, they make their way from Mexico north to the US Gulf Coast, where native milkweed is just beginning to bloom, and it is here that they lay their eggs and start the next generation. Sometimes up to three generations will successively travel north, following the bloom of the milkweed back to their predecessors’ starting points.

This is where milkweed (genus Asclepias) becomes really important. It is on this that the females must lay their eggs, as it is the only thing that the larvae (caterpillars) can eat.

Building a Garden for Monarch Butterflies at Farmhouse38.com

Tiny babies in the milkweed.

So what is happening to these butterflies (and so many other invertebrate pollinators)?

The Xerces Society website states:

In 2008, the Commission for Environmental Cooperation (CEC), a tri-national organization covering the United States, Canada, and Mexico established by the North American Free Trade Agreement, published the North American Monarch Conservation Plan. The Plan identifies several factors that have contributed to the steady decline of monarchs across their native range:

• loss of overwintering sites in Mexico due to deforestation;
• degradation of overwintering habitat in Mexico due to forest fires, diversion of water for human use, and poorly-regulated tourist activity;
• loss of overwintering sites in California due to development;
• degradation of overwintering habitat in California due to aging trees;
• loss of breeding habitat due to the ongoing decline of native milkweeds (Asclepias spp.), their larval host plants; and
• disease, parasitism, and predation.

Additionally, The Xerces Society states:

In the western U.S., overwintering populations of monarchs along the California coast have declined from over 1 million individuals counted at 101 sites in 1997 to less than 60,000 individuals counted at 74 sites in 2009. Most scientists believe that this decline is due to the loss of milkweed from a prolonged California drought and the extensive use of pesticides.

Sad face.

So what can we, as individuals, at home in our own gardens, realistically do to help? First and foremost, put down the pesticides and the herbicides. Just stop. It may be a little trickier sometimes to deal with pests and weeds organically, but we’re all better off for it. If you’re spraying for ants (even with some so-called ‘organic’ sprays) any other unlucky invertebrates that come into contact with that stuff are going to suffer the consequences. Pesticides don’t discriminate, even though their packaging would have you believe otherwise. Herbicides are just as bad, if not worse, because they tend to be broadcast in larger quantities across much larger areas; inevitably coming into contact with more organisms, and depleting vast sections of critical native vegetation (milkweed, anyone?). Additionally, they can hang around in plant tissue (especially when we’re talking plants that have been genetically modified to resist such products), soil, and ground water for a very long time. Ick. Beyond the negative impact on pollinators, do you really want to spray that stuff on your lawn and then let your kids and pets roll around in it? Don’t. Just don’t. If you simply must use them, apply them in careful, specific doses; avoid aimless, broad applications.

That brings us to the milkweed. Plant it. Wherever, whenever, however you can (for a fantastic article on planting milkweed, visit one of my favorite blogs: Julie’s Garden Delights). But proceed with caution when going out and buying milkweed plants: most nurseries still subscribe to conventional practices, which means that that beautiful milkweed plant you bought with the bestest of intentions (that may or may not even be the right variety for your region), may be doused in some awful chemicals. Chemicals that, until they run their course (which could be quite awhile) are going to do the exact opposite of what you intended the milkweed to do. So the safest option is to find out what species of milkweed is/are native to your region (there are more than a hundred varieties in the US), buy seeds, and grow it from scratch.  Or find a reputable source for organic, native milkweed plants (don’t know where to go for that?-see below!).

Monarchwatch.org has an excellent list of milkweeds by state here, where you can figure out what kind you need to be growing in your yard. And even better: you can actually purchase flats of native milkweed plugs through them by going here. Huzzah!

Xerces.org also has an awesome milkweed finder here.

MonarchJointVenture.org lists some additional resources, and also a fabulous set of guidelines for planting and managing milkweed not only in home and public gardens, but also in agricultural areas (where milkweed populations have been notoriously wiped out), managed corridors, and natural and restored areas. Check out these guidelines here.

Building a Garden for Monarch Butterflies at Farmhouse38.com

A well-fed monarch caterpillar makes its way around a milkweed stem.

It has taken me a long time to get to planning, planting, and growing the Farmhouse38 garden (had to get the house renovation done first, and, as we all know, that still isn’t done). In fact, it has only been in the last two seasons or so that I have really gotten to give it a go. It was always my intention to make the garden a haven for pollinators, but most especially for monarchs. Two seasons ago, I went to my local big-name nursery and eagerly bought three mature Tropical Milkweed, (Asclepias curassavica) plants to put in my garden. My heart was in the right place, despite being a bit misguided. Firstly, this isn’t a native variety (for my region it is the Narrowleaf Milkweed, (Asclepias fascicularis). And secondly, I have no idea what sorts of nasty stuff the plants might have been treated with. I was clueless. Thirdly…well, three plants is just not enough. Plant as much of it as you can possibly stand and/or fit. If three plants is it, well, then that’s it, but if you can fit more, do it. In its natural state, milkweed grows in thick colonies, which not only provide ample food for the monarch larvae (as well as being a natural nectar source for a variety of pollinators), but offer much needed shelter. Ideally, your garden should have generous native milkweed interspersed with a wide variety of native, flowering plants (with staggered bloom times); milkweed for the babies to eat, nectar-filled blooms for the adults to feed off of, and plenty of shelter for all. I am working towards having milkweed planted in every single bed in my entire yard.

Building a Garden for Monarch Butterflies at Farmhouse38.com

This season was the first that I had caterpillars on those three Tropical Milkweeds (for the past two seasons, even though there were monarchs in my yard, they wanted nothing to do with those plants–you do the math), and they absolutely decimated them! Hungry little fellas!

Building a Garden for Monarch Butterflies at Farmhouse38.com

A female and several babies vie for space on a milkweed plant.

So what am I planting in the Farmhouse garden besides milkweed? I’m shooting for as many native flowering plants as possible. Xerces.org has an awesome list of regionally-specific native pollinator-friendly seed mixes here. Additionally, I’ve got many non-native pollinator-friendly ornamentals interspersed with vegetables and herbs (as I am also working towards having a self-sustainable vegetable garden as well as a bit of a cutting garden). It is important to plant your garden for continuous bloom; all pollinators need nectar sources spring, summer, and fall. Here is a really great article by the National Wildlife Federation with some guidelines on planting a butterfly-friendly garden.

In addition to plant selections, the NWF article lists several important non-botanical features that your butterfly garden should have; mainly, that butterflies need places to rest, and they need places to ‘puddle’. ‘Puddling’ is a behavior where butterflies congregate on damp sand or mud to drink water and draw minerals. Make sure there is a spot (or two) in your garden where they can do this, and if need be, place a low dish, filled with sand or soil, and keep it damp. Place rocks and twigs within reach of the sand for the butterflies to land safely on. Butterflies also require spots where they can stop and rest in the sun; recharge, if you will. Provide flat rocks that are placed where they receive around six hours of sun a day. This will ensure that the rock is always warm and welcoming to a little butterfly-style relaxation.

Building a Garden for Monarchs at Farmhouse38.com

A monarch caterpillar begins to build its chrysalis.

It was always my intention that once the garden was up and running and properly outfitted for monarchs and pollinators alike, I would have it certified as a Monarch Waystation. This is a wonderful program run by MonarchWatch.org that encourages the implementation of monarch-focused butterfly-gardening. Through their site, you can learn about the Monarch Waystation project, see guidelines for buidling a monarch-friendly garden, purchase Waystation seed kits, as well as certify your garden as an official Monarch Waystation. Done and done.

Building a Garden for Monarch Butterflies at Farmhouse38.com

I was so surprised and excited to find this gorgeous monarch chrysalis hanging off the wrist of my Lady Scarecrow.

The plight of the monarchs is obviously a tiny, tiny facet of a broad, insidious epidemic. It isn’t just the monarchs suffering, it is many, if not all, invertebrate pollinators. They are a pivotal and now precarious support on the food chain, directly responsible for the pollination of over 2/3 of our food supply and reproduction of over 70% of the world’s flowering plants. Without them, we are in deep trouble. It is important that we sit up and pay attention, and become more responsible with our actions. The Monarch Joint Venture views the monarch as “a flagship species whose conservation will sustain habitats for pollinators and other plants and animals”; ie, if we all take the urgently necessary steps towards preservation of the monarchs’ habitat, we will be helping all the other little guys, as well.

Now will someone please help me down from this soapbox? Thanks.

Building a Monarch Butterfly Garden at Farmhouse38.com

Let’s do what we can to help them.

Sources:

Adolf, Julie. (2014, March 6). Feed the Monarchs! You Can Grow That [blog post]. Retrieved from http://JuliesGardenDelights.com.

Goleta Butterfly Grove. (n.d.) Goleta Butterfly Grove [webpage]. Retrieved from http://www.goletabutterflygrove.com/.

McLaughlin, Chris. (2009, February 5). The Fantastic Monarchs of Pacific Grove [web article]. Retrieved from http://examiner.com.

The Monarch Joint Venture. (n.d.). Create Habitat for Monarchs [website article]. Retrieved from MonarchJointVenture.org.

Monarch Watch. (n.d.). Milkweeds by State [webpage]. Retrieved from http://MonarchWatch.org

Monarch Watch. (n.d.) Milkweed Market [webpage]. Retrieved from http://MonarchWatch.org

Monarch Watch. (n.d.). Monarch Waystations [webpage]. Retrieved from http://MonarchWatch.org

National Wildlife Federation. (n.d.). How to Attract Butterflies to Your Garden [website article]. Retrieved from http://NWF.org.

The Xerces Society. (n.d.). Milkweed Finder [website article]. Retrieved from http://www.xerces.org/.

The Xerces Society. (n.d.). Monarchs [website article]. Retrieved from http://www.xerces.org/.

The Xerces Society. (n.d.) Monarchs, Conservation Status [website article]. Retrieved from http://www.xerces.org/.

The Xerces Society. (n.d.). Pollinator Conservation [website article]. Retrieved from http://www.xerces.org/.

The Xerces Society. (n.d.). Pollinator Conservation Seed Mixes [website article]. Retrieved from http://www.xerces.org/.

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